This investment by RIL turnout to be Hostile takeover of Network18


Founded by Raghav Bahl, Network18 is one of India’s largest media companies, which owns television channels CNBC TV18, CNN-IBN, CNBC Awaaz; websites,; print magazines Forbes India, Overdrive; general entertainment channel Colors and Homeshop18, a television and Internet retail venture, among various other media and non-media businesses.




Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) is taking complete control of Network 18 Media and Investments Ltd, including its subsidiary TV18 Broadcast Ltd. and the Board of Reliance Industries Limited, also approved funding of Rs. 4,000 crore to Independent Media Trust (IMT), of which RIL is the sole beneficiary for taking over Network18. IMT would use the funds to acquire control over NW18 and TVE18 resulting in ownership of about 73.10% in NW18 and 55.01% in TV18 and to acquire shares tendered in the open offers.


Shri Javadekar, I&B Minister indicated that the ministry would take a call on increasing FDI in news media, capped at 26 per cent for newspapers and news channels, after speaking to all stakeholders. FDI in the news business already exists. “We will take a decision about opening up the sector further after speaking with all stakeholders and businesses and seeing how they may get impacted by the decision. We are, however, not stopping local media (groups) from partnering with global media (groups).” On cross-media holdings, Javadekar said it would be debated at length given the recent move of Reliance Industries to acquire full control of media group Network 18. There are two views on this. On the one hand, one can say what’s wrong with it. It is just another business interest. As one owns, say, a cement or construction business, one owns a media business. But, on the other hand, the concern is regarding the freedom of media. What will happen if just three or four players take over the media business? There could be potential monopolization. That is precisely why we have the rule whereby in the case of private treaties, media houses must reveal their stakes in companies when reporting about them.


In late 2011 consolidated debt of almost Rs.1,400 crore on the books and in the quarter ended 30 September 2011, Network18 had widened its consolidated net loss to Rs.70.26 crore from Rs.64 crore in the previous quarter. In the 12 months preceding that, the company’s scrip had slid almost 70%. The company’s cash generating business, its news television business, was under pressure. With the prolonged economic downturn, advertising revenue had dried up. And also Bahl’s bet on The Web and general entertainment ventures, into which a lot of money had been invested, was taking a time to pay off. Most of the businesses were in need of capital investment but Bahl didn’t have any money. Interest costs were already too high and with the company’s net worth almost eroded, banks weren’t willing to lend any more. Bahl was clear he needed help. Bahl rejecting Haresh Chawla (Network18’s CEO) view/option/idea i.e. “To raise money by divesting a stake in the entertainment business to Viacom” because it was a depressed market and the valuation was low So Bahl needed someone with deep pockets, someone, whom he could respect, and who, in turn, would respect him. The one man he reached out to was Mukesh Ambani. The richest man of India, who in the past has rescued several other entrepreneurs in need of help, was not averse to Bahl’s idea.

In January 2012, RIL made an investment in Network18’s promoter group companies through a newly created vehicle called Independent Media Trust (IMT). The promoters, led by Bahl, used funds received from the trust to infuse cash into Network18 and its subsidiary TV18 Broadcast Ltd, apart from buying RIL’s stake in the ETV channels. RIL’s investment was made in the form of zero coupon optionally convertible debentures in Network18’s promoter group companies controlled by Bahl. The debentures can be converted into shares at any time within a 10-year period since its issuance, and its conversion will result in an ownership of over 99.9% by RIL in these entities, according to an order by the Competition Commission of India.

Raghav Bahl and the current promoter entities of Network18 and TV18 will continue to retain control over Network18 and TV18. Network18’s financials have improved considerably since RIL invested indirectly in the company. In the year till March 2012, before the investment, the company reported operating losses worth Rs.270 crore on revenue of Rs.1,952 crore. In the year till March 2014, it turned profitable at the Ebitda (earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization) level, with a profit of Rs.87.2 crore on consolidated revenues of Rs.2,692 crore.

The person familiar with the happenings in the board meeting said Bahl and his team didn’t ever think RIL would oust them and seize control. Everyone wishes they could turn the clock back.

Now with this, there is change also the management of Network18’s as some of the top executives/heads have announced their exits. Network18’s chief executive officer (CEO) B. Sai Kumar, chief operating officer Ajay Chacko, and chief financial officer (CFO) R.D.S. Bawa have all quit after the announcement. Alok Agrawal, the former CEO at Zee News, is likely to head the new team at Network18. Meanwhile, Avinash Kaul, former CEO of Times Television Network, has been appointed as the new head for IBN Network and will manage three news channels—CNN-IBN, IBN7 and IBN Lokmat.


For RIL, the takeover is a strategic move for its 4G telecom play in the country. The acquisition will differentiate Reliance’s 4G business by providing a unique amalgamation at the intersection of telecom, the web and digital commerce via a suite of premier digital properties. To put it simply, RIL now has access to all the content put out by the Network18 group; this includes,,,,, Homeshop18, and broadcast channels like Colors, CNBC TV18, CNN-IBN, IBN7 and CNBC Awaaz.


This structure might not have required RIL to consolidate the results of Network 18 with its own. Because in the middle lies a trust, the IMT. And RIL is the sole beneficiary of IMT. Whereas Reliance Industrial Investments and Holdings Limited RIIHL) is the protector of IMT and Digital Content Private Limited & Sanchar Content Private Limited are the trustee. So RIIHL will act as main point contact between RIL and trustees of IMT.


The acquisition of Network 18 and TV 18 by Reliance of at Rs. 41.04 per share and 30.18 per share respectively is less comparative to the current market value of Network 18 and TV 18 Rs. 61.00 per share & Rs. 32.55 per share respectively.


As per Sebi’s (Securities and Exchange Board of India’s) Substantial Acquisition and Takeover Regulations 2011, IMT would be making Open Offers to public shareholders if all goes well through SEBI for an acquisition of equity shares in NW18 and TV 18 at Rs. 41.04 per share & Rs. 30.18 per share respectively with opening date 14th July 2014 and the closing date is 4th August 2014. The proposed shareholding by IMT after the acquisition including the open offer would be 95.05% and 81.01% in Network 18 and TV 18 respectively.


Bahl’s request to help from reliance turn in to take over and now with some of the top executive exits, the Network 18 will be controlled and managed by RIL. Going ahead with this, RIL now has to explore various synergies to benefit all the stakeholders in the coming years. And with Bahl announcement that the group is in terrific hands Mr. Ambani is a visionary and reliance has invested in $11 billion in 4G network that will immediately be rolled out to India’s 900 million mobile users via Reliance Jio Infocomm. A first refusal content licensing agreement between Network 18and Jio Infocomm has been in place since 2012. So it will be a win-win situation for all the s